Audience and Predestination in the Letter to the Romans

A perennial question in the interpretation of Paul’s letter to the Romans is what testimony the letter bears on the issue of predestination. Especially in the last few decades, the identity of the letter’s implied audience has also become more of a live question. Discussing These Difficulties I recently had the opportunity to sit down […]

Keener on Isaac and Ishmael

Craig Keener has an interesting post on the interaction between Isaac and Ishmael in Gen 21:10. The post mainly outlines the major options for what the text might be suggesting and promises two followups that will discuss “Isaac’s line being Abraham’s heir [as well as] the propriety of Abraham sending Hagar and Ishmael away.”

Some Hermann Gunkel Works

Several of Hermann Gunkel’s works are openly available online. Among these are: Ausgewählte psalmen Genesis Israel und Babylonien: der Einfluss Babyloniens auf die israelitische Religion Das Märchen im Alten Testament “Die Psalmen” (pgs. 241–61) from Deutsche Rundschau (1911) Die Sagen der Genesis (English: The Legends of Genesis) Schöpfung und Chaos in Urzeit und Endzeit: eine religionsgeschichtliche Untersuchung […]

Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 55, no. 3

The Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 55, no. 3 includes: David W. Chapman and Andreas Köstenberger, “Jewish Intertestamental and Early Rabbinic Literature: An Annotated Bibliographic Resource Updated (Part 2) Abraham Kuruvilla, “The Aqedah (Genesis 22): What Is the Author Doing with What He Is Saying?” Greg Goswell, “The Temple Theme in the Book of Daniel” […]

והיתה בריתי בבשׂרכם לברית עולם

In Gen 17:13, God tells Abraham that his whole household was to be circumcised והיתה בריתי בבשׂרכם לברית עולם (and my covenant will be in your flesh as an everlasting covenant). Yet, Paul strongly opposes Gentiles’ submitting to circumcision in connection with their membership in the Christian community (Galatians) and asserts that ὁ ἐν τῷ κρυπτῷ Ἰουδαῖος, […]

Melchizedek’s Bread and Wine

As Abram returns from rescuing Lot (Gen 14:1–16), Melchizedek brings out bread and wine (Gen 14:18), and so, fittingly does the priest do the same whom David says has been appointed in Melchizedek’s order (Ps 110:4; Heb 7:1–26; Augustine, Civ., 16.22 [NPNF1, 2:323]; Augustine, Doctr. chr., 4.21 [NPNF1, 2:590]; Bede, Genesis, 269; Cyprian, Epistles, 62.4 [ANF, 5:359]). Melchizedek […]